Dividends as alternative sources of income
Today, there are more investment choices than ever before. Yet, when looking for income, a lot of investors tend face two options:
- Take More Risk: Usually, this ends up being “credit” risk, which deals with the chance of an entity being able to meet specific obligations. Common strategies may focus on “High Yield” or “Floating Rate” debt, or dealing with European Banks, AT1 Coco Bonds. Why is there more income? To compensate investors for taking greater risk that payments won’t be made.
- Accept Lower Income: People are aging, so “lower income” may not necessarily be an option for everyone. If safety of principal is the primary objective, then there is little safer than government debt of some of the world’s most creditworthy countries, such as the United States, Germany or Japan. We cite these three countries because they also have exhibited “safe haven” characteristics, meaning that when investors are nervous, the value of these assets has historically tended to rise.
The ugly nature of inflation
Inflation is important to consider because it may be one of the most significant challenges facing investors in the future. Central Banks printed an awful lot of money in response to the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009. History has indicated that typically the consequence of this response is higher inflation. Consider that, at 3% inflation, prices double every 24 years and at 5%, they double every 15 years. Inflation truly erodes real returns, as the purchasing power of future units of currency—be it British pounds, US Dollars or Euros—can buy less and less and less over time.
To give investors a sense of the current environment1:
- The US 10-Year Treasury is yielding slightly more than 3.20%.
- The United Kingdom 10-Year Gilt is yielding almost 1.60%.
- The German 10-Year Bund is yielding less than 0.50%.
- The Italian 10-Year BTP (not currently in the headlines for its lack of risk—quite the opposite) is yielding nearly 3.40%.
An alternative may be dividend-paying stocks, as these are one investment option that could not only potentially provide income, but also have a higher potential for price appreciation—providing the opportunity to keep up with inflation. Consider that dividend equities:
- Offer the potential to grow your income stream through dividend growth, in fact, outpacing the rate of inflation over the entire history of the S&P 500 from 1957 to today2.
- Provide potential growth of principal through price appreciation
- May offer more downside protection than their non-dividend paying counterparts
Dividends are everywhere
First, it is worth noting that dividends are quite prolific. Small, medium and large companies all over the world offer dividends, with nearly 35% from the United States, more than 18% from emerging markets and almost half coming from Europe and other developed international countries.
Figure 1: The world broken down by dividend stream weighted exposure
Sources: WisdomTree, Factset, Standard & Poor’s, with data measured as of the 30 September 2018 WisdomTree Global Dividend Index Screening.
Historical performance is not an indication of future performance and any investments may go down in value. You cannot invest directly within an Index.
New paradigm for asset allocation?
While it is always difficult to make such a bold statement, we think that it is always important and valuable to look across different, logical alternatives. For decades, people have looked at equity markets and thought in terms of weighting stocks by their market capitalization (share price x number of shares outstanding). Doing this, roughly speaking, leads to approximately 50% weight to the US, 40% weight to the developed world ex-US, and 10% weight to emerging markets . Figure 1 substitutes “dividend per share” for “share price” in the aforementioned equation, and we saw the results in the regional allocations. Now might be an interesting time to be thinking in these ways, as the US equity market has tended toward strong outperformance for the better part of the past 10 years.
1 Bloomberg, with data as of 8 November 2018.
2 Bloomberg & Professor Robert Shiller’s data library. Dividend growth refers to the rate of average annual dividend growth of S&P 500 Index stocks versus the US Consumer Price Index.
3 Bloomberg, with MSCI ACWI Index universe referenced, data as of 30 September 2018.